How to be Successful in Poultry Business
- Stock to Raise
The following could be used as a guide in selecting the foundation stock to raise:
- Stock should only be purchased from a reliable hatchery or franchised dealer where the parent stocks are well-housed and well-managed.
- The kind of stock to buy depends upon the purpose for which it is going to be raised.
- Chicks should be free from diseases and deformities.
- Chicks should have uniform size and colour. For broiler chicks, weight should not be less than 33 grams at day-old.
- For a start, a popular strain raised in the community can be selected as it is an indication of the bird’s good performance under existing farm conditions.
- For broilers, choose those that have high liveability and fast growers.
- For layers, choose those that have good egg size, high egg production and long, productive life.
- Housing Management
- Feeding troughs or feeders
Feeders can be placed inside or along the front of cages. When making feeders, consider the ease in cleaning and avoid feed spillage. This may be avoided by placing a metal or wooden strip along the inner mouth of the feed trough.
To facilitate cleaning, the shape and size of the waterers should be semi-circular, fairly wide and supported by an adjustable bracket to allow easier adjustment. It may have a removal stopper at the end of the drainage for easier cleaning. For chicks, the waterers are usually one gallon plastic jars. The most common are the plastic waterers because they do not rust therefore, they will last longer. Backyard poultry raisers usually use bamboo waterers. They are cheap but there is a great tendency for algae to develop and oftentimes they do not last very long. They need constant changing.
- Portable Catching Panels
This is usually made of either bamboo, wood or wire frames. This device comes in handy during vaccination.
- Feed Carts
In a well-planned poultry house with cemented service alleys, the feed cart is a handy piece of equipment which can reduce the number of hours spent in feeding the chickens. It makes the feeding less laborious and tiresome. In the absent of a feed cart, a wheelbarrow will do.
In shade houses, natural daylight must be supplemented with artificial lighting in order to obtain desirable lighting patterns which are necessary to adequately control sexual maturity. A constant or decreasing lighting pattern during rearing is essential to prevent too early sexual maturity. An increasing or constant light pattern is necessary after 22-24 weeks of age.
- Egg Handling
Supply at least 1 nest per 4 female. Ensure free circulation of air around the nest areas to discourage broodiness. Collect eggs more regularly than in temperate areas and transfer immediately to the egg cooling room which should be located on the farm site. Transport eggs to the hatchery in an insulated van. Practice daily fumigation of eggs.
- Feeding troughs or feeders
- Marketing Tips
- For broiler
Birds which have attained the marketable weight should be sold. They should be harvested as scheduled. When harvest schedule approaches, the company representatives should be reminded and should assure that the delivery trucks would come on time. This is to ensure that the birds will not consume extra feeds due to the longer stay in the farm without any beneficial effect to the grower.
- For independent growers
Alternative market outlets should be surveyed even before the time of harvest to ensure a ready market for the broilers. Marketing arrangements with local hotels, restaurants, cafeterias, institutional buyers and grocery stores with freezers should also be made. Negotiation with different associations and market cooperatives should also be made to have a closure on a common prize. Organized producers have some bargaining power when it comes to their selling price. Producers are advised to compute which is more profitable to sell: dressed or live chicken and whether to sell at the farm or bring them to market. The broilers should be sold at optimum weight. More profits can be derived if broilers are sold between 1.3 to 1.5 kg liveweight depending on consumers’ preferences.
- For table eggs
Survey the market outlets before investing in egg production. Marketing arrangements must be made with local bakeries, local hotels, restaurants, cafeterias, groceries, sari-sari store and other regular users. This will ensure regular orders for the eggs. Sell graded or classified eggs. Proper grading or classification can attract all types of consumers. This would also enable the consumers to make purchasing decision on egg size at hand. Sell only clean eggs. Dry or wet cleaning of eggs should be a standard practice on the far. Reduce breakage and spoilage of eggs to the minimum.
- For broiler